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Bangladesh at a Glance

Geographical Location Between 20°34′ and 26°38′ north latitude 88°01′ and 92°41′ east longitude.
Boundary North: India, West: India, South: Bay of Bengal, East: India and Myanmar
Area 56977 SQ. Miles or 147570 SQ. KM
Territorial water boundary 12 Nautical Miles
Official Name Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
President Advocate Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Capital City Dhaka
Major Administrative Units Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensingh, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet
Standard Time GMT+6.00 Hours.
Language State language Bangla. Second language English
Demography
Population: 141.34 million, Annual Growth rate: 1.48%, Density: 928 per sq. km, Religion: Muslim 88.3%, Hindu 10.5%, Buddhist 0.6%, Christian 0.3%. Secularism is ensured constitutionally.
Climate
Sub-tropical. Three main seasons: Winter (November-February), Summer (March- June), Monsoon (July – October). Climatic variations: Winter temperature average maximum 29°C, Winter temperature average minimum 11°C, Summer temperature average maximum 34°C, Summer temperature average minimum 21°C, Monsoon average rainfall 1194 mm to 3454 mm.
Topography
Over 85% of the country is flat, alluvial and plain. Principal rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli (Total 230 rivers including tributaries).
Currency Taka
Economy Agriculture Based.
Principal Industries
Jute & cotton textiles, garment making, Home Textile & Specialist Textile, tea processing, paper, newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizers, light engineering, sugar Etc.
Principal Minerals
Natural gas, lignite coal, limestone, ceramic clay and glass sand. Principal Exports Ready made garments, Home & Specialist Textile, raw jute, jute manufacturers, tea, fish, hides and skins, newsprint.
Infrastructure
Road Transportation
Road transportation facility with quality transport and reasonable fare. Bridges on almost all of the major rivers. The bridge over Jamuna (4.8 km) is the 8th longest bridge of the world.
Waterway
Sea Cox’s Bazar, Chittagong, Mongla & Kuakata
Inland River
Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sirajganj, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.
Airway
International Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
Domestic
Dhaka, Chittagong, Jessore, Ishwardi, Sylhet, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal.
General Information
Bangladesh is a unitary, independent and sovereign Republic known as the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. The country emerged as an independent state on March 26, 1971. The war of liberation ended on December 16, 1971 in victory of Bangladeshi forces and surrender of the occupying army. This area was under Muslim rule for five and a half centuries and passed into British rule in 1757 AD. In August 1947, it gained independence from the British rule along with the rest of India and formed a part of Pakistan and was known as East Pakistan. The national anthem of Bangladesh comprises the first ten lines of ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ of Rabindra Nath Tagore. The national flag of the republic consists of a circle colored red throughout its area, resting on a green rectangular background. National emblem is the flower “Shapla” (Nymphaea nouchali). The citizens of Bangladesh are known as Bangladeshis.